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Английский – Иностранный язык в профессиональной деятельности (тесты Синергия)

Choose the right variant
We called our friends in London yesterday to tell them about the reunion that we ….
plan
have planned
were planning
will plan

Although the sun was shining, it was still cold, because it … hard for two hours.
had been raining
had rained
was raining

Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.
You said you … to see me this Christmas.
come
came
will come
were coming

HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) …
standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that
“Human beings are born with (2) … rights and fundamental freedoms”. In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) … poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity.
Poverty is (4) … by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) … are more likely to be poor.
Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) … services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many
societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) … they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income
can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them.
Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) … responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against
poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.
Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (3).
encouraging
fighting
saving
breaking

HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) …
standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that
“Human beings are born with (2) … rights and fundamental freedoms”. In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) … poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity.
Poverty is (4) … by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) … are more likely to be poor.
Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) … services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many
societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) … they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income
can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them.
Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) … responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against
poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.
Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (1).
universal
complete
whole
typical

The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood
nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing
them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic
Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two
cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture,
customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making
camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that
the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile
homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish
Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor,
undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the
case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their
language, Shelta. Many think it’s a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old
language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.
Irish Travellers have mobile homes pulled … now.
camels
horses
by motor vehicles

Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.
I’m learning Russian and l can already understand what people around me are talking about. “But I find it really difficult to speak Russian . I …. the course by the end of
the year and hope I feel more confident with this language.
finish
will have finished
finished
will finish

It … outside; I do not like to walk in such weather.
rains
is rain
is raining

I feel terrible. I think I … to be sick.
am going
go
will

Choose the right variant
The food that Ann is cooking in the kitchen … deli¬cious.
is smelling
smelt
will smell
smells

The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood
nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing
them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic
Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two
cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture,
customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making
camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that
the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile
homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish
Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor,
undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the
case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their
language, Shelta. Many think it’s a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old
language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.
Read the text and complete the gap in the sentences with the words from the text.
… are the two main problems of Irish Travellers.
poverty and racism
minority and poverty
racism and a culture
a culture and acceptance

We were good friends, we … each other for years.
had knowing
were knowing
had known

At 10 o’clock in the morning on Wednesday Tom … a delegation in the office.
will be receiving
will receive
is receiving

HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) …
standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that
“Human beings are born with (2) … rights and fundamental freedoms”. In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) … poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity.
Poverty is (4) … by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) … are more likely to be poor.
Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) … services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many
societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) … they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income
can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them.
Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) … responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against
poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.
Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (2).
similar
identical
equal
same

Choose the right variant
While Tom … a book, Marhta … TV.
read, was watching
was reading, was watching
read, watched
was reading, watched

The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood
nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing
them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic
Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two
cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture,
customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making
camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that
the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile
homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish
Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor,
undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the
case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their
language, Shelta. Many think it’s a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old
language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.
In the past the Irish Travellers went around by … in caravans.
camels
horse-drawn wagon
foot

Catherine is studying law at the university, and so …Nick.
is
were
does
was

The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood
nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing
them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic
Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two
cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture,
customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making
camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that
the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile
homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish
Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor,
undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the
case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their
language, Shelta. Many think it’s a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old
language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.
The Irish Travellers are mistakenly taken for the nomadic Romani, another … widely spread in Europe.
distinct group
community
ethnic group

Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.
I’ve been working as a manager since I …. and I find It really interesting.
arrive
arrives
arrived
will arrive

She … at the parcel long enough, before she … that it was for her brother.
had been looking, had understood
was looking, understood
had been looking, understood

I … to the cinema but my friend persuaded me to stay.
was going
did not go
am not going

On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) … standard for defending
and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that “Human beings are
born with (2) … rights and fundamental freedoms”. In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) … poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity. Poverty is (4) … by
human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) … are more likely to be poor. Generally they find it
harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) … services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many societies cannot enjoy
their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) … they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income can prevent people
from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them. Governments and those in a
position of authority must (8) … responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against poverty — is a duty, not a mere
aspiration.
Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (4).

led
made
caused
resulted

We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We … for more than 24 hours.
were travelling
had been travelling
have travelled

My colleagues usually … four days a week, and tills week they … five days.
are working, are working
are working, work
work, work

I … a very difficult day tomorrow. I need to prepare for the exam.
will have
having
have

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